Domain Glossary

Domain Glossary


Account credit

You can add funds to your name.com account to pay for all of your name.com purchases. Many of our customers keep a constant balance of funds in their account to conveniently cover their transactions. You can add funds to your account by clicking on 'account credit', located in your account dashboard page.

Administrative contact

The main contact person for a domain name registered with host.al. Due to regulation requirements in the .al zone, the administration contact is required to be located in Albania. Normally this contact is just an redundant information for the real domain registrant. The registry will contact the administrative contact if any domain issues arise.

Billing contact

The contact person responsible for all domain billing information. We will contact the billing contact with any issues or discrepancies about the credit card used to register the domain.

Deletion

The removal of a domain name and its record from host.al's database. A deleted domain name is not functional and will become available, after a thirty-day expiration period, for any party to register on a first-come, first-served basis. A domain name may be deleted for various reasons-including certain violations related to payment or expiration of its registration period.

Domain lock

A condition in which a domain cannot be transferred and dns changes cannot be made. A customer may choose to lock a domain in order to insure that no unauthorized changes may be made to the domain. Unfortunately this feature is not active for .al domains. Other security features have been implemented though. See EPP Code

Domain name

A domain name is a way to identify and locate computers and resources, such as websites, connected to the internet. Each domain name corresponds to a numeric ip (internet protocol) address. An IP address takes the form of 4 groups of numbers, each one between 0 and 255, separated by periods. Domain names allow internet users to type in a name, such as host.al, to identify a numeric address such as 38.97.225.253. The purpose of a domain name is to allow a person who is not a super-geek to connect to the internet, find web sites and send email to addresses with familiar names such as host.al. This is accomplished without having to memorize the long string of numerical addresses that computers use to locate each other on the internet.

Domain name system (DNS)

The distributed database of alphabetic and numeric information used by computers and users to find each other on the internet. In sum, the DNS is a network of computers, data files, software, and people.

The dns structure is organized by a hierarchy of names. The highest level, known as a root, of the system is unnamed. Top level domains (TLDs), such as .al, .com, .net, and .org, are divided into classes based on an evolved set of rules. Most Country Code TLDs have been delegated to individual country managers, whose codes are assigned and maintained by a sub-agency of the united nations. These are called country-code top level domains, or cctlds (example .al). In addition, a limited number of generic top level domains (gtlds) do not have a geographic or country designation. A complete list of tlds can be found at iana's website.

Domain registration

The act of securing a unique domain name for a specific period of time.

To learn how to register a domain, please see our detailed instructions in the .al registration.

Expiration

The condition in which a domain name registration lapses. If in 30 days after the expiration date an expired domain registration is not renewed, the domain name will be deleted from our database and from the domain name system (dns), terminating the domain record and the functionality of the domain name's corresponding web site and email service. After deletion, the .al domains become available again for registration on a first come, first served basis. There is no redemption period for .al domains.

Expiration date

The time at which a domain name registration expires. You can always see this date within your host.al account. Simply login and go to your 'account' page. The expiration date of each domain is listed to the right of each domain.

To extend the expiration date, simply renew your domain.

Extension

The final segment of a domain name used to further designate the location and identity of a domain. For instance, typing in www.host.al to your web browser may tell your computer to go to a different place to find a different entity then if you typed www.name.al.

FTP

An acronym for file transfer protocol. FTP is used to transfer files between computers on the internet. You can use FTP to exchange files between computer accounts, to transfer files between an account and a computer, or to access software archives on the internet.

Host record

An electronic set of instructions that tells a user's computer where a domain and its accompanying resources, such as its website, are located. A host record will direct a user's computer through the domain name system (dns) to a certain set of servers, identified by their ip address and on which a domain and its resources are located. For instance, if the resources of my domain, mycooldomain.com, were located at the following ip address, 38.97.225.253, and i wanted to link my domain to those resources, i would create a host record that pointed mycooldomain.com to 38.97.225.253. After doing so, anyone who typed in mydomain.al to their web browser would have their computer directed to the name servers corresponding to the ip address 38.97.225.253 and containing my resources.

Host master (web host)

The contact person, usually, at your web hosting provider.

Http

Http, short for hypertext transfer protocol, is the set of rules for transferring hypertext documents on the internet.

IANA

The internet corporation for assigned names and numbers (ICANN) is the non-profit corporation that was formed to assume responsibility for the ip address space allocation, protocol parameter assignment, domain name system management, and root server system management functions previously performed under U.S. government contract by IANA, the internet assigned numbers authority, and other entities. please see ICANN's website for more information.

ICANN

The internet corporation for assigned names and numbers (ICANN) is the non-profit corporation that was formed to assume responsibility for the ip address space allocation, protocol parameter assignment, domain name system management, and root server system management functions previously performed under U.S. government contract by iana, the internet assigned numbers authority, and other entities. Please see ICANN's website for more information.

Internal transfer

The sale or transfer of a domain from one customer within host.al's database to the account of another customer within host.al's database. You may use our internal transfer service to quickly transfer the ownership of a domain from your account to the account of another party listed in our database. If a monetary transaction accompanies the sale and transfer of a domain, it should be handled wholly on your part and without our intervention.

To learn how to initiate an internal transfer, please open a support ticket

Internet protocol (IP) address

A unique numeric label used to identify computers in a domain name system (dns) network. for example, the computers on which our website, www.host.al, is located are identified by the following ip address: 38.97.225.253. if you were to type this number string into your web browser, you would come to our website. ip numbers are the numeric counterpart to domain names and are converted by computers from domain names in order to locate resources associated with domain names on the internet.

Mail exchange (mx) record

An entry in a domain name system (dns) that routes mail to an email server or forwarding service. for example, i may choose to create a mx record that routes all mail sent to dude@mydomain.al to a certain ip address where my email services are located.

Name server

The computer network that has both the software and the data required to translate domain names to internet protocol (ip) numbers, and thus to help route users and their data to the correct website or location on the web. your web hosting agents will most likely ask you to use their name servers as a part of their services for your web site. host.al provides free name server registration and dns services when you purchase a domain name with us.

Parking

Registration of a domain name without the immediate creation of a corresponding web site. a registered domain using our name servers and without a corresponding website will direct users to a personalized parking page when its url is entered into a web browser. To use our parking pages, make sure your name servers are set to ns1.host.al and ns2.host.al.

Primary name server

The first server used for information about and the location of resources associated with a domain.

Redemption period

Usually a thirty day period after a domain has expired and been deleted from the registrars' database. Redemption period does not exist for .al domains. Once the domain has expired and passed 30 days, it is ready for re-registration

Registrant

The owner of the domain name and the person ultimately responsible for domain issues.

Registry

The central storehouse and controlling body of domain names. .al domains are controlled by AKEP

Renewal

The process of extending the expiration date for a domain name from one to nine additional years.

Root

The highest level of the domain name system (dns). Also a very cool geek with good ethics. This guy can solve all your domain problems.

Second level domain

That portion of the domain name appearing after the top-level domain. In a domain name, it appears immediately to the left of the top-level. For instance, the 'mydomainname' in mydomainhost.al is the second level of the domain name.

Secondary name server

The server that takes over if the primary goes down; the secondary name server also helps out in extreme load conditions.

SSL

Stands for secure socket layer. SSL is a method with which to hide the information a web browser and a web server send to each other. an SSL-enhanced website, such as ours, uses SSL encryption to scramble the data, such as credit card information, you send us into an unintelligible string of seemingly random characters.

Sub account

Creating a sub account will create a new user account with the same default contacts and default name servers. The sub account will have default pricing and security settings. Sub accounts are good for those that want to register domain names for others and then move them into other accounts for their customers.

Technical contact

The person responsible for technical matters relating to a domain. We may contact the technical contact concerning issues relating to a domain's name servers, IP address, url forwarding, email forwarding, or host/mx records.

Third level domain

Appears to the left of the second level of the domain name. For instance, the are in we.are.equ.al is the third level of the domain name. A third level domain is controlled by the name servers used by a registrant.

Top level domain (TLD)

The part of the domain name furthest to the right. For instance, the .al in host.al is the top-level of the domain name.

Transfer

The movement of a domain and its current registration term from one registrar to another.

For detailed instructions on how to transfer a domain to host.al, please see our Transfer .al domain article.

Uniform resource locator (url)

A url is a standard way of identifying things on the internet, such as a website, web page, file, or newsgroup. The first part of the url, before the colon, indicates the method of access; for web sites, this is designated by the letters http. The part of the url after the colon is interpreted specific to the access method. For instance, our url is http://www.host.al. The first part indicates the method of access to our website, and the second part, including the slashes, indicate the name of the resource, our domain name, and the location of the resource, our web site.

URL forwarding

A function that redirects all http (web) requests for your domain name to a destination. This service is not implemented in the DNS and unfortunately is not part of our free DNS Management System

Username

If you do not know what a username is, then this page is not for you!

Web host

The service, and its operators, that provide the software and hardware with which a web site is generated; a web host also maintains the presence of the web site on the internet. In short, a web host acts as a virtual construction and management company for your domain's web site.

Whois

A tool used to look up registered domain names. Whois can provide the following data about a registered domain: registrant, administrative, technical, and billing contact information, including physical and email addresses and phone numbers; expiration date of the domain; name servers used by the domain; the domain's current registrar; and the status of the domain.

Unfortunately this feature is not enabled for the .al domains, but you may still obtain some information by following this URL: .al whois .

Zone

A part of the total domain name space identified by the information located on a specific name server. The name server has control of the zone - or the specific part of the domain name space - represented by that information.

Zone file

A file with data describing a part of the domain name space. Zone files hold the data needed to resolve domain names to an internet protocol (ip) address.

Administrative contact Billing contact Deletion Domain lock Domain name Domain name system (DNS) Domain registration Expiration Expiration date Name server Redemption period Registrant Registry Renewal Transfer Whois

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